Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCM)

Formulas for Dryness

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Formulas for dryness         


Click below for formula information…

Bai He Gu Jin Tang

Mai Men Dong Tang

Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang

Sang Xing Tang

Xing Su San

Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang

Yu Ye Tang

Zeng Ye Tang



Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang – clears dryness, moistens Lungs

Qing Zao Jiu Fei Tang - Yi Men Fa Lu

Sang Ye (folium mori albae)…9g

Shi Gao (gypsum)…7.5g

Mai Men Dong (tuber ophiopogonis japonici)…3.6g

E Jiao (gelatinum corii asini)…2.4g  [dissolve in strained decoction]

Hei Zhi Ma (semen sesami indici)…3g

Xing Ren (semen pruni armeniacae)…2.1g

Mi Zhi Pi Pa Ye (honey fried folium eriobotryae japonicae)…3g

Ren Shen (radix ginseng)…2.1g

Gan Cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)…3g

Indications: dry hacking cough, wheezing, dry parched throat and nose, headache, fever, chest fullness, thirst, irritability, T- dry with no coat, P- deficient big rapid. 

Warm dryness attacking the Lungs causing rebel Qi.  Usually brought on by environmental factors, i.e. dry indoors, fall season, dry warm weather.  This formula is stronger than Sang Xing Tang (which is more for superficial conditions) and works better on strong dry pathogenic influences.


Xing Su San – gently disperses cool-dryness, disperses Lung Qi, transforms Phlegm-fluids

Xing Su San - Wen Bing Tiao Bian

Zi Su Ye (folium perillae frutescentis)…6g

Qian Hu (radix peucedani)…6g

Xing Ren (semen pruni armeniacae)…6g

Jie Geng (radix platycodi grandiflori)…6g

Zhi Ke (fructus citri aurantii)…6g

Chen Pi ( pericarpium citri reticulatae)…6g

Fu Ling (sclerotium poriae cocos)…6g

Ban Xia (rhizome pinelliae ternatae)…6g

Sheng Jiang (rhizoma zingiberis officinalis recens)…6g

Da Zao (fructus zizyphi jujubae)…2 pieces

Gan Cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)…3g

Indications: external invasion of cool dryness disrupting the Lungs functioning.  Headache and chills without sweating (cool dryness external), cough with watery sputum (lung cannot disperse water), stuffy nose and dry throat, T- dry white coat, P- wiry. 

Bitter and warm, & sweet and pungent herbs are used to treat this condition.  This pattern is usually seen in the fall season. 


Sang Xing Tang – clears & disperses warm dryness

Sang Xing Tang - Wen Bing Tiao Bian

Sang Ye (folium mori albae)…3g

Zhi Zi (fructus gardeniae jasminoidis)…3g

Dan Dou Chi (semen sojae praeparata)…3g

Xing Ren (semen pruni armeniacae)…4.5g

Zhe Bei Mu (bulbus fritillariae thunbergii)…3g

Sha Shen (radix adenophorae seu glehniae)…6g

Li Pi (fructus pyri)…3g

Indications: warm dryness superficial injuring the Lung Qi, moderate fever, headache, dry hacking cough, thirst, T- red with dry coat, P- floating rapid.  May see coughing of blood.  Usually caused by dry environments.


Mai Men Dong Tang – nourishes Lung Stomach Yin, generates fluids, directs rebel Qi downwards

Mai Men Dong Tang - Jin Gui Yao Lue

Mai Men Dong (tuber ophiopogonis japonici)…15-18g

Ren Shen (radix ginseng)…6g

Geng Mi (non-glutinous rice)…9-15g

Da Zao (fructus ziziyphi jujubae)…12 pieces

Gan Cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)…6g

Ban Xia (rhizoma pinelliae ternatae)…4.5-9g

Indications: Heat from Stomach deficiency scorches the Lung Yin (mother son relationship), cough and spitting scanty saliva, wheezing, shortness of breath, dry mouth, throat, lips, cankers, bad breath, some acid reflux, gastritis, & chronic bronchitis patterns, T- red with scanty coat, P- thin rapid.  This formula is meant to generate fluids and nourish Stomach Yin. 


Bai He Gu Jin Tang – nourishes Yin, moistens Lungs, transforms Phlegm, stops coughing

Bai He Gu Jin Tang - Yi Fang Ji Jie

Bai He (bulbus lilii)…3g

Sheng Di Huang (radix rehmanniae glutinosae)…6g

Shu Di Huang (radix rehmanniae glutinosae conquitae)…9g

Mai Men Dong (tuber ophiopogonis japonici)…4.5g

Xuan Shen (radix scrophulariae ningpoensis)…2.4g

Bei Mu (bulbus fritillariae)…3g

Jie Geng (radix platycodi grandiflori)…2.4g

Dang Gui (radix angelicae sinensis)…3g

Bai Shao (radix paeoniae lactiflorae)…3g

Gan Cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)…3g

Indications: this formula strongly nourishes Yin from deficiency of Lung and Kidney, this causes dry sore throat, cough and wheezing, may see blood streaked sputum, 5 center heat sensation, night sweats, anxiety, irritable, thirst, fidgety, afternoon cheek flushing, light sleeps, sore low back, T- red with scanty coat, P- rapid thin.



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Yu Ye Tang – strengthens/regulates Qi, generates fluids, moistens dryness, relieves thirst

Yu Ye Tang - Yi Xie Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu

Shan Yao (radix dioscoreae oppositae)…30g

Huang Qi (radix astragali membranacei)…15g

Zhi Mu (radix anemarrhenae asphodeloidis)…18g

Tian Hua Fen (radix trichosanthis kirilowii)…9g

Ji Nei Jin (endothelium cornei gigeriae galli)…6g

Ge Gen (radix puerariae)…4.5g

Wu Wei Zi (fructus schisandrae chinensis)…9g

Indications: used for wasting and thirsting disorders (Yin deficiency), excessive consistent thirst that is not quenched by drinking, frequent copious urination, fatigue, shortness of breath, P- thin rapid.  


Zeng Ye Tang – increases fluids, moisten dryness

Zeng Ye Tang - Wen Bing Tiao Bian

Xuan Shen (radix scrophulariae ningpoensis)…30g

Mai Men Dong (tuber ophiopogonis japonici)…24g

Sheng Di Huang (radix rehmanniae glutinosae)…24g

Indications: constipation (due to injury of fluids usually from a warm febrile disease, or a patient with chronic Yin deficient constitution), thirst, T- dry red cracked, P- slightly rapid or weak forceless.  If more purgative is required ‘Zeng Ye Cheng Qi Tang’ should be used.


Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang – nourishes Yin, clears Lungs, detoxifies


Yang Yin Qing Fei Tang - Chong Lou Yu Yao

Sheng Di Huang (radix rehmanniae glutinosae)…6g

Xuan Shen (radix scrophulariae ningpoensis)…4.5g

Mai Men Dong (tuber ophiopogonis japonici)…3.6g

Chao Bai Shao (dry fried radix paeoniae lactiflorae)…2.4g

Mu Dan Pi (cortex moutan radicis)…2.4g

Bai Mu (bulbus fritillariae)…2.4g

Bo He (herba menthae haplocalycis)…1.5g

Gan Cao (radix glycyrrhizae uralensis)…1.5g

Indications: white covering or membrane in the throat that is difficult to scrape off (this covering effects breathing), sore swollen throat, dry nose and lips, fever, breathing similar to wheezing, coughing, T- red dry, P- thin.  It is said that this disorder comes from Lung and Kidney Yin deficiency, people who have contracted dryness, or over-consumption of spicy hot foods.  This may relate closely with diphtheria, tonsillitis, or nose/throat tumors.



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Benskey & Gamble 1993, Chinese Herbal Medicine formulas and strategies, Seattle Washington, Eastland Press Inc.


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